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Types Of Charts

Traders have a toolbox filled with various charts to dissect price movements. Three of the most popular tools in this kit are:


  • Bar Charts: These charts offer a clear view of the price range for each time period using vertical bars. Each bar captures the high, low, open, and closing prices.

  • Line Charts: These charts provide a simplified view of price movements by connecting closing prices over time. They're ideal for identifying trends but lack the detail offered by bar charts.

  • Candlestick Charts: These visually rich charts provide a comprehensive picture of price action within a timeframe. Each candlestick encapsulates the open, high, low, and closing prices, along with the overall sentiment during that period.


Bar Chart

Line Chart

Candlestick Chart







This chart type is made up of vertical bars each showing the open, close, high and low of prices. Each vertical bar represents the range of each time period. The top of the vertical bar indicates the highest price while the bottom of the bar represents the lowest price at that particular time. The opening price is shown by the tic to the left of the bar and the closing price is the tic on the right.


The line chart connects all the closing prices with a line, which shows the general price movement.


The candlestick chart is very popular amongst traders because it shows a lot of information regarding price. From this type of chart we can obtain the open, close, high and low of prices, just like in a bar chart.


While both bar charts and candlesticks show the same price points (high, low, open, and close) for a security, candlesticks offer a clear advantage for traders. Their design makes them much better for spotting potential market reversals during technical analysis.


The secret weapon? The candlestick's "body." A filled body tells you instantly if the price closed higher (usually green or white) or lower (usually red or black) than it opened. This quick visual clue is missing in bar charts, where separate lines represent open and close.




Candlesticks take things a step further with "wicks" or "shadows" that extend from the body. These wicks show the highest and lowest prices reached during that period. This extra info lets traders identify "swing highs" and "swing lows" – possible turning points in the market – much more easily.


In short, candlestick charts paint a more complete picture of price movement within a timeframe. That's why they're so popular with traders looking for clues about where the market might head next.

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